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                      Home History and Culture Ancient Capitals of China (Anyang)
                      Ancient Capitals of China (Anyang)
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                      Anyang (ān yáng 安陽) was designated as a capital as early as the 14th century BC, when the 20th king of the Shang Dynasty (shāng cháo 商朝), Pangeng (pán gēng 盤庚), moved the capital to Yin (yīn 殷), today’s Xiaotun village (xiǎo tún cūn 小屯村), Anyang City (ān yáng shì 安陽市), Henan province (hé nán shěng 河南省).

                      The rulers of the Shang Dynasty organized an immense construction there, and finally built Yin into a great capital in ancient China. After that, some other kingdoms in the Central Plains (comprising the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River) also chose Anyang as the capital as well, but no further accomplishment with regard to city construction was made. This ancient city was reduced to ruins by countless wars. After the Song Dynasty (sòng cháo 宋朝), cultural and architectural relics of the Yin times were discovered from time to time, especially in several large-scale excavations after the founding of People’s Republic of China.
                       


                       Gradually the scale3 and layout of the ancient city have become more and more clear. Today the architecture ruins of the city are called “Yinxu” (yīn xū 殷墟)

                      Lying about one kilometer away from Anyang, the Shang Synasty Ruins(Yinxu) spread to both banks of the Huanhe River. In latitudinal direction, the longest distance of the ruins is about 10Km, while in longitudinal direction, the longest distance is about 5Km. It has an area of more than 24 square kilometers, and in this area, more than 50 palace ruins have been found.

                      Viewed from the extant Yinxu ruins, this ancient city demonstrated a relatively high level in constructing city architecture. The layout of the palaces, folk houses, workshops and graveyards was fairly mature. The places are grand and luxurious. The area of the largest palace is up to 400 m2, and the base earth is up to 2m thick. All these indicate that Yinxu was a mature ancient capital with an integrated plan, clear layout and high level of architectural skills in that period.


                      Today, Anyang has become an important city in Henan province. Every year it attracts many scholars and experts for archaeological research, and large number of tourists.


                      中國古都之安陽

                            安陽早在公元前14世紀就被定為都城。當時,商代的第20代國王盤庚把國都遷于殷(今河南安陽小屯村)。商代統治者大興土木,使殷成為一座古代大都。商代以后,中原王朝曾多次遷都于安陽,但在城市建設上沒有什么成就。由于戰亂,這座古城早已成為廢墟。宋代以后,這里不斷發現殷代文化和建筑遺存,特別是新中國成立后,經幾次大的發掘,基本弄清了城市的規模和布局,人們把這些城市建筑遺跡成為殷墟。

                            殷墟位于洹水之濱,距現在的安陽1千米,東西最寬處10千米,南北最寬處5千米,總面積24平方千米以上,在這片地域中,共發現宮室建筑遺址50余處。

                            從殷墟現存的遺跡來看,這座古都已經表現了城市建筑方面較成熟的水平。宮室、民居、作坊、墓地的規劃已經比較完善了。宮室建筑高大、豪華,最大的房屋達到400平方米,房基夯土厚達2米。這些都說明,殷墟在當時已是一座規劃完整,布局清晰,建筑水平較高的古代都城。

                            目前,安陽已經成為河南省的一座重要城市,每年都有不少專家、學者前去考察,并吸引著大批游人前去游覽。
                       

                       

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