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            Home Chinese Idiom 邯鄲學步 (hán dān xué bù)
            邯鄲學步 (hán dān xué bù)
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            altTradition has it that more than 2,000 years ago,there lived a young man in the Shouling area of the State of Yan (yān guó 燕國). He was at a loss as to how to behave all the time.His family members advised him to overcome this shortcoming,but he thought they were fond of poking their noses into his business and were unwilling to provide him with tuition fee. His relatives and neighbours sneered at him,saying that he would never be able to learn anything.Asthe days went by,he even began to doubt whether he should walk the way he did,for he felt more and more that his walking gestures were too clumsy and awkward.One day,he met some people on the road who were chatting and laughing.One of them said that people in Handan walked most gracefully.And that was just what he was most concerned about,so he hurreed towards themand wanted to make further inquiries.To his surprise,when these people saw him,they stalked off laughing.He could not picture to himself in what way their walking gestures were graceful,no matter how hard he racked his parents one day.He went to Handan which was far away to learn how to walk.As soon as he arrived in Handan,he was dazzled to find that everything was novel.He learned from the children there how to walk,because he thought that the children's walking gestures were lively and pleasing to the eye.He learnd from the old people there how to walk,because he thought the old people's walking gestures were steady .He learnd from the women there how to walk,because he thought the women' swaying walking gestures were beautiful.That being the case with him ,in less than half a month he even forgot how to walk.As he had already used up his traveling expenses,he had to crawl back home.Later the set phrase"initating another without success and losing what used to be one's own ability"is used to refer to acts of copying others mechanisally in disregard of specififc conditions.

            相傳在兩千年前,燕國壽陵地方有一位少年。這位壽陵少年不愁吃不愁穿,論長相也算得上中等人材,可他就是缺乏自信心,經常無緣無故地感到事事不如人,低人一等——衣服是別人的好,飯菜是人家的香,站相坐相也是人家高雅。他見什么學什么,學一樣丟一樣,雖然花樣翻新,卻始終不能做好一件事,不知道自己該是什么模樣。家里的人勸他改一改這個毛病,他以為是家里人管得太多。親戚、鄰居們,說他是狗熊掰棒子,他也根本聽不進去。日久天長,他竟懷疑自己該不該這樣走路,越看越覺得自己走路的姿勢太笨,太丑了。有一天,他在路上碰到幾個人說說笑笑,只聽得有人說邯鄲人走路姿勢那叫美。他一聽,對上了心病,急忙走上前去,想打聽個明白。不料想,那幾個人看見他,一陣大笑之后揚長而去。邯鄲人走路的姿勢究竟怎樣美呢?他怎么也想象不出來。這成了他的心病。終于有一天,他瞞著家人,跑到遙遠的邯鄲學走路去了。一到邯鄲,他感到處處新鮮,簡直令人眼花繚亂??吹叫『⒆呗?,他覺得活潑、美,學;看見老人走路,他覺得穩重,學;看到婦女走路,搖擺多姿,學。就這樣,不過半月光景,他連走路也不會了,路費也花光了,只好爬著回去了。生活中,勤于向別人學習是應該肯定的,但是,一定要從自己的實際出發,取人之長,補己之短。如果象燕國壽陵人那樣,盲目鄙薄自己,一味崇拜別人,生搬硬套,亦步亦趨,結果必然是人家的優點沒學來,自己的長處卻丟光了。

            邯鄲學步 (hán dān xué bù)
            【翻譯】 Imitating Another without Success and Losing What Used to Be One'sOwn Ability.
            【釋義】比喻模仿不成,反把自己原有的長處失去了。
            【例句】學習知識不能邯鄲學步,適合別人的方法不一定就適合自己。
            【近義詞】 鸚鵡學舌、數典忘祖
            【反義詞】 標新立異、獨辟蹊徑

             

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