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                      Home History and Culture Ancient Capitals of China (Nanjing)
                      Ancient Capitals of China (Nanjing)
                      Learn Chinese - History and Culture

                      Nanjing (nán jīng 南京) has a long history. The Six dynasties of the Wu (wú 吳), the Eastern Jin (dōng jìn 東晉), the Song (sòng cháo 宋朝), the Qi (qí 齊), the Liang (liáng 梁) and the Chen (chén 陳), chose Nanjing as their capital. Later on, the Southern Tang Dynasty (nán táng 南唐), the Ming Dynasty (míng cháo 明朝), the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom (tài píng tiān guó 太平天國, 1852-1864AD) and the Republic of China also made Nanjing their capital. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Nanjing became the capital of Jiangsu Province and the largest comprehensive industrial city of this province.

                      Nanjing witnessed the triangular balance of power of the Three Kingdoms (sān guó 三國, 220-280AD), the ups and downs of six dynasties, the insult inflicted on contemporary China, as the Xinhai Revolution (xīn hài gé mìng 辛亥革命) of 1911 and the War of Resistance against Japan (1937-1945). After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, it has experienced rapid economic growth. It is one of the biggest open industrial cities in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and the coastal areas of East China. It is also a famous water-land transportation hub.

                      Zhonghua GateThe Zhonghua Gate
                      The Zhonghua Gate (zhōng huá mén 中華門) is the biggest city gate in Nanjing, which is made up of three urn-like city walls and four gates. It is 128m long from south to north and 118.5m wide from east to west, covering an area of 15168 square meters. The wall, 21.45m high, is a magnificent project of complicated structure and fine design. It takes a significant position in China’s history of city wall construction.

                      Sun Yat-sen MausoleumThe Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum
                      The Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum (zhōng shān líng 中山陵) is built to commemorate Dr. Sun Yat-sen, the great pioneer of the democratic revolution in China. This mausoleum, like a big bell, ascends from the south to the north by 392 steps. The whole building complex is designed to display a solemn and majestic air, known as “the best mausoleum in the history of Chinese contemporary architecture”.

                      The Qinhuai River
                      The Qinhuai River (qín huái hé 秦淮河), a famous scenic spot, consists of the inner river and outer river. The inner river is in the city of Nanjing, which is the busiest place along the ten-li Qinhuai. The biggest attraction of Qinhuai River is the lantern boats which can be traced back to the Ming Dynasty. All the boats on the river, big or small, hang colorful lanterns up and everyone visiting here enjoys the pleasure of taking a ride on the boats.

                      The Confucius Temple
                      Located on the northern bank of the Qinhuai River, the Confucius Temple (fū zǐ miào 夫子廟) was first built in 1034, and was originally a place for enshrining and offering sacrifice for Confucius. Now it has become a place where local people can have some cultural activities. The construction of this ancient complex, including the surrounding teahouses, restaurants and stores were all built in the style of the Ming and Qing dynasties. More than 200 different traditional foods and local delicacies are available there.


                      Qinhuai River      南京歷史悠久,東吳、東晉和南朝的宋、齊、梁、陳(史稱六朝)以及南唐、明、太平天國、中華民國共10個朝代和政權在此建都。中華人民國和國成立后,南京為江蘇省省會,成為江蘇最大的綜合工業城市。



                      Confucius Temple中山陵




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