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                Textile Technique
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                ????? Textile Technique
                Textile technique
                (fǎng zhī jì shù 紡織技術) has a long history in China. As early as in the primitive society,? people in?ancient China have taken advantage of the natural resource to make simple textile facilities?for weaving so as to adapt to the changeable weather.

                Textile TechniqueThe textile machine in China originates from the spindle wheel in the Neolithic Age (xīn shí qì shí dài 新石器時代). In the Western Zhou (xī hàn 西漢) Dynasty there came into being the spinning wheel (fǎng chē 紡車) which is with the traditional capability. In the Han Dynasty (hàn cháo 漢朝), the jacquard machines were widely used. After Tang Dynasty (tang cháo 唐朝), the textile machines were improved, and greatly promoted the development of textile industry.

                The development of textile technology is depended on textile material. Therefore, the material of textile is of great importance in the textile technology. In late years of the Song Dynasty and the early years of the Yuan Dynasty (yuán cháo 元朝), Huang Daopo (huáng dào pó 黃道婆) had learnt from the Li people (lí zú rén 黎族人) a series of techniques of planting as well as cotton spinning and weaving. She also popularized and improved many textile machines so that the efficiency of labor was greatly increased. She improved on the cotton fluffer and Textile Techniquesuccessively invented a tool for cotton-spinning, a pedal spinning wheel with three spindles (sān ding jiǎo tà fǎng mián chē 三錠腳踏紡棉車), which was the most advanced one at that time.

                In ancient China, besides wool, cotton and flax, people also used silk for textile. Silk is the best textile fibers which can be weaved into various complicated tracery. The widely use of the silk has also greatly promoted the textile techniques and textile machines. Thereby, the silk production technique has become the most representative in ancient China.

                紡織技術
                ????? 中國的紡織技術有非常悠久的歷史。早在原始社會時期,古人為了適應氣候的變化,已懂得就地取材,利用自然資源作為紡織的原料,并懂得制造簡單的紡織工具。直至今天,我們日常的衣著、某些生活用品和藝術品都是紡織和印染技術的產物。

                ????? 中國機具紡織起源于五千年前新石器時期的紡輪和腰機。西周時期具有傳統性能的簡單機械繅車、紡車、織機相繼出現,漢代廣泛使用提花機、斜織機,唐以后中國紡織機械日趨完善,大大促進了紡織業的發展。

                Textile Technique????? 古今紡織工藝流程和設備的發展都是因應紡織原料而設計的,因此,原料在紡織技術中具有重要的地位。宋末元初,黃道婆從黎族人那里學到了一整套種植和紡織棉花技術。同時她還推廣和改進了很多紡織機械, 大大提高了勞動效率。她改進了彈棉花的彈弓,并成功地制成了當時世界上最先進的紡紗工具——三錠腳踏紡棉車。

                ????? 古代中國除了使用棉、麻、毛三種纖維外,還大量利用長纖維——蠶絲。蠶絲在所有天然纖維中是最優良、最長、最纖細的紡織纖維,可以織制各種復雜的花紋提花織物。絲纖維的廣泛利用,大大地促進了中國古代紡織工藝和紡織機械的進步,從而使絲織生產技術成為中國古代最具特色和代表性的紡織技術。

                 

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