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                San Xing Dui
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                Sanxingdui (sān xīng duī 三星堆), which is situated in Southwest China’s Sichuan Basin, is the location of ruins found dating back to the Bronze Age (qīng tóng shí dài 青銅時代) in the middle and late Shang Dynasty (shāng cháo 商朝) (1600BC—1046BC). The name was given for due to its appearance which resembles three earth pits. Excavation began in 1980. Two large sacrificial pits were later unearthed in 1986, generating great interest internationally.

                The site of Sanxingdui, located in the city of Guanghan (guǎng?hàn?廣漢), 40 km from Chengdu (chéng dū 成都), Sichuan Province (sì chuān 四川), is recognized as one of the most important ancient remains in the world for its vast size, lengthy period and enriched cultural contents.

                sanxingduiThe first Sanxingdui relics were discovered by a farmer in 1929 and excavation has continued ever since. During this period, generations of archaeologists have worked on the discovery and research of the Sanxingdui culture. In 1986, two major sacrificial pits were found and they aroused widespread academic attention around the world.

                The Sanxingdui finds are exciting, but they remain enigmatic. No texts have been found, nor is there any mention of this culture in the records of other countries. Analysis of lead and other elements in the bronzes indicates sources similar to those of other cultures along the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. At this point, however, the unique culture that produced these artifacts remains a mystery.

                sanxingduiMore than a thousand priceless treasures were dug out, including bronze, jade, gold and earthen ware plus ivory and shells among other items. The bronze wares include vessels, weapons, large standing human figures, head portraits, animal figures, and even masks. This discovery demonstrated the existence of large-sized sculptures in the Shang Dynasty, which were created by ancient Shu people.

                For the first time, people got a chance to peek into the highly developed bronze civilization of the Kingdom of Shu (gǔ shǔ guó 古蜀國) in the middle and later period of Shang Dynasty and its unique charms.


                ?? ? ?三星堆遺址的年代從新石器時代晚期延續到商末周初,距今4800~2800年。
                ?? ? ?三星堆遺址內存在三種面貌不同但又連續發展的三期考古學文化,即以成都平原龍山時代至夏代遺址群為代表的一期文化,又稱"寶墩文化";以商代三星堆規模宏大的古城和高度發達的青銅文明為代表的二期文化;以商末至西周早期三星堆廢棄古城時期為代表的三期文化,即成都"十二橋文化"。
                ?? ? ?sanxingdui1929年春季的一個傍晚,農人燕道誠兄弟三人在挖蓄水溝時,意外地發現了一處寶藏。在那一兩年間,廣漢月亮灣挖出珍寶的消息不脛而走,古董商聞訊后蜂擁而至。燕道誠與眾多玉器商人所不知的是,就在離他家不遠的地下沉寂著為數更多的千年寶藏。
                ?? ? ?直到五十七年后的1986年,這些器物的一部分才得以重見天日。
                ?? ? ?1986年,在兩個神秘的器物坑里,人們發現了大量造型怪異、美妙絕倫的青銅人頭像、面具、青銅禮器及玉石器,轟動了世界,成為上個世紀最重要的考古發現之一。由于沒有文字記載,三星堆文化成為一個巨大的謎團。猜想與爭議從此開始。

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