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                Local Operas
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                   Warriors of the Yang Clan aka
                Chinese opera is an art with a long history and unique characteristics. Due to the vast land and various nationalities of China, there are various local operas besides Beijing Opera (jīng jù 京劇). Local opera (dì fāng xì 地方戲) in China is the opera which is popular in a certain region and with local characteristics. There are more than 300 types of local operas in China, among which Yuju Opera (yù jù 豫劇), Pingju Opera (píng jù 評劇), Yue Opera (yuè jù 越劇), Huangmei Opera (huáng méi xì 黃梅戲), Guangdong Opera (yuè jù 粵劇), Chaoju Opera (cháo jù 潮劇) are enjoyed great popularity.

                Yu Opera (豫劇)
                Mu Gui Ying Takes CommandYu Opera, also called Henan Bangzi Opera (hé nán bāng zī 河南梆子) and Henan High Tune (hé nán gāo diào 河南高調). It is popular in Henan and adjacent provinces, has a history of more than three hundred years. The tune of Yuju opera sometimes is loud and sonorous, sometimes is desolate and lingering, it can acting many types of plays. With more than six hundred and fifty traditional plays, Yuju opera has developed to one of the best-known operas in China. The famous actress and actor are Chang Xiangyu (cháng xiāng yù 常香玉), Niu Decao (niǔ dé cǎo 牛得草) etc.. Typical operas are Mu Guiying Takes Command (mù guì yīng guà shuài 穆桂英掛帥), Matchmaker (hóng niáng 紅娘), A Petty Official (qī pǐn zhī mǎ guān 七品芝麻官), Hua Mulan (huā mù lán 花木蘭), Chao Yang Village (cháo yáng gōu 朝陽溝) and so on.

                Pingju Opera (評劇)
                Pingju Opera originated in Tangshan City (táng shā shì 唐山市), Hebei Province (hé běi shěng 河北省). It is Qin Xiang Lianpopular in Beijing (běi jīng 北京), Tianjin (tiān jīn 天津), Northern China (huá běi 華北), and northeast of China. Originally it was developed on the basis of folk music Lianhualuo (lián huā luò 蓮花落) in Hebei province (hé běi shěng 河北省). Then it absorbed the musical and dancing style of other operas. Pingju opera lastly took shape in Qing Dynasty (qīng cháo 清朝). With the characters of lively, free and strong flavor of life, it is perfect for performing modern life. The famous actresses are Xiao Bai Yushuang (xiǎo bái yù shuāng 小白玉霜), Xinfengxia (xīn fèng xiǎ 新鳳霞) etc.. Typical operas are Qin Xianglian (qín xiāng lián 秦香蓮), Small Son-in-Law (xiǎo nǚ xù 小女婿), Liu Qiao’er (liú qiǎo ér 劉巧兒) and so on.

                Guangdong Opera (粵劇)
                Guan Han QingGuangdong Opera is popular in Guangdong (guǎng dōng shěng 廣東省), Guangxi (guǎng xī shěng 廣西省), Hong Kong (xiāng gǎng 香港), Macao (ào mén 澳門), Singapore (xīn jiā pō 新加坡), and Malaysia (mǎ lái xī yà 馬來西亞). In Ming (míng cháo 明朝) and Qing (qīng cháo 清) Dynasties, many Chinese operas spread to Guangdong, the tune of these operas integrated with Guangdong music and folk music, finally formed a new opera-Guangdong opera. The opera is sung with the local dialect with its own special style. The famous actress and actor are Hongxiannv (hóng xiàn nǚ 紅線女) and Ma Shizeng (mǎ shī zēng 馬師曾). The representative plays are Searching the Study (sōu shū yùan 搜書院), Guan Hanqing (guān hàn qīng 關漢卿) etc..

                Yue Opera (越劇)
                Yue Opera is originated from Shaoxing City (shào xīng shì 紹興市), Zhejiang Province (zhè jiāng shěng 浙江省). Liang Shanbo and Zhu YingtaiIt is popular in Zhejiang, Shanghai (shàng hǎi 上海), Jiangsu (jiāng sū shěng 江蘇省), Jiangxi (jiāng xī shěng 江西省) and Anhui (ān huī shěng 安徽省) province. Yueju opera took sharp in Qing Dynasty (qīmg cháo 清朝). At first it was acted only by actors. Thirty years later, the opera was acted by actress instead. The tune of Yueju opera is mild and roundabout. It became the second largest opera form next to Beijing Opera. The famous actresses are Yuan Xuefen (yuǎn xué fēn 袁雪芬), Wang Wenjuan (wáng wén juān 王文娟), Xu Yulan (xú yù lán 徐玉蘭) etc..Typical operas are A Dream of Red Mansions (hóng lóu mèng 紅樓夢), Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai (liáng shān bó yú zhù yīng tái 梁山伯與祝英臺) and so on.

                Huangmei Opera (黃梅戲)
                Huangmei Opera is also called Huangmei Tune (huáng méi diào 黃梅調), is popular in parts of Anhui (ān huī shěng 安徽省) and Hubei (hú běi shěng 湖北省) provinces. The opera is originated from the tea-leaf picking song (cǎi chá gē 采茶歌) in Huangmei county (huáng méi xiàn 黃梅縣), Hubei province. When it was introduced to Anqing City (ān qìng shì 安慶市), Anhui province, it mixed with local folk music, and formed Huangmei Opera as it is nowadays. Huangmei Opera is easy to understand and learn. Its tunes are mild and pleasant, and its movements are natural and graceful. Its local flavor and folk style make Huangmei Opera an enduring drama appreciated by all the people. Some of its famous actors and actresses include Yan Fengying (yán fèng yīng 嚴鳳英), Wang Shaofang (wáng shào fǎng 王少舫) and Ma Lan (mǎ lán 馬蘭). Typical operas are Marrying a Fairy (tiān xiān pèi 天仙配), Emperor’s Female Son-in-Law (nǜ fù mǎ 女駙馬), The Cowherd and the Girl Weaver (niú láng zhī nǚ 牛郎織女) and so on.
                      Tian Xian Pei

                Chaoju Opera (潮劇)
                The story of PipaChaoju Opera, also called Chaozhou Opera (cháo zhōu xì 潮州戲), is popular in Guangdong (guǎng dōng shěng 廣東省) and Fujian Minnan (fú jiàn mǐn nán 福建閩南) where people speak Chaozhou dialect. It is also performed in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore. Chaoju Opera has a history of more than four hundred and thirty years. Bases on the folk dances and ballad-singing of the Chaozhou region, it formed its own style under the influence of Nanxi (nán xì 南戲). Its tunes are graceful and pleasant, full of local color. Chaoju Opera consist of two traditional plays, one type was originated from the legend of Nanxi and poetic drama, for example The Story of Pipa (pí pá jì 琵琶記), Jing Chai Ji (jīng chāi jì 荊釵記) etc.. The other type is based on local folklore and current affairs, like Li Jing Ji (lì jìng jì 荔鏡記), Su Liu Niang (sū liù niáng 蘇六娘) and so on. Some of the famous artresses and actors are Hong Miao (hóng miào 洪妙)、Yao Xuanqiu (yáo xuán qiū 姚璇秋)、Fang Zhanrong (fāng zhǎn róng 方展榮), Zhang Changcheng (zhāng cháng chéng 張長城) etc..

                地方戲

                      中國的戲曲有著悠久的歷史,是世界上一種獨特的戲劇藝術。地方戲流行于一定地區,是有地方特色的戲曲劇種的通稱。由于中國地域遼闊,民族眾多,各地的方言不同,除了京劇以外,還形成了豐富多彩的地方戲。據統計,中國的地方戲有300多種,可以稱得上世界之最。其中影響比較大的有豫劇、評劇、粵劇、越劇、黃梅戲、潮劇等。

                豫劇
                      豫劇也叫河南梆子、河南高調,流行于河南以及臨近各省,已有三百多年的歷史。豫劇的聲腔,有的高亢活潑,有的悲涼纏綿,能夠表演各種風格的劇目,傳統劇目有六百五十多出,已經發展成為具有全國影響的劇種。著名演員有常香玉、牛得草等,代表劇目有《穆桂英掛帥》《紅娘》《七品芝麻官》《花木蘭》《朝陽溝》等。

                評劇
                      評劇發源于河北唐山,是流行于北京、天津和華北、東北各地的地方戲。它最初是在河北民間說唱“蓮花落”的基礎上發展起來的,又先后吸收了其他劇種和民間說唱的音樂和表演形式,于清朝末年形成了評劇。評劇具有活潑、自由、生活氣息濃郁的特點,擅長表演現代生活。著名演員有小白玉霜、新鳳霞等,代表劇目有《秦香蓮》、Hong Lou Meng《小女婿》、《劉巧兒》等。

                粵劇
                      粵劇是廣東省的主要劇種,主要流行于廣東、廣西、香港、澳門、新加坡和馬來西亞。明清時代,中國的許多劇種流傳到了廣東,這些劇種的聲腔與廣東音樂、民間曲調相結合,逐漸形成了一個新的劇種──粵劇?;泟∮脧V東方言演唱,形成了自己獨特的風格。著名演員有紅線女、馬師曾等,代表劇目有《搜書院》《關漢卿》等。


                越劇
                      越劇發源于古越國所在地浙江紹興地區,是浙江省的主要地方戲,流行在浙江、上海、江蘇、江西、安徽等地。越劇形成于清朝末年,最初全部由男演員演出,三十年代又發展成全部由女演員演出。越劇唱腔委婉、表演細膩抒情優美,已經成為僅次于京劇的一個大劇種。著名演員有袁雪芬、王文娟、徐玉蘭等,代表劇目有《紅樓夢》《梁山伯與祝英臺》等。

                黃梅戲
                      黃梅戲是安徽省的地方戲之一,舊時稱為黃梅調,主要流行于安徽及江西、湖北的部分地區。黃梅戲起源于湖北黃梅的采茶歌,傳入安徽安慶地區后,又融合了當地的民間音樂,發展形成了這個劇種。黃梅戲簡單易懂、旋律優美、委婉動聽,表演樸實優美,生活氣息濃厚,受到了人們普遍的歡迎。著名演員有嚴鳳英、王少舫、馬蘭等,演出的傳統劇目有《天仙配》、《女駙馬》、《牛郎織女》等。

                 潮劇
                      潮劇也叫潮州戲,主要流行廣東、福建閩南南潮語區,也流行于香港、臺灣和新加坡。潮劇已有四百三十多年的歷史,它是宋元南戲的一個分支,由宋元時期的南戲逐漸演化,吸收了弋陽、昆曲、皮黃、梆子戲的特長,結合本地民間藝術,如潮州音樂等,最終形成自己獨特的藝術形式和風格。潮劇唱腔以輕婉抒情見長,多曼聲折轉,清麗悠揚。其傳統劇目可分為兩大類:一類來自南戲傳奇和雜劇,如《琵琶記》、《荊釵記》等。另一類取材當地民間傳說故事或實事編撰的地方劇目,如《荔鏡記》、《蘇六娘》等。潮劇著名演員有:洪妙、姚璇秋、方展榮、張長城等。

                Why not buy the operas and appreciate them yourself?

                         







                 

                 

                 

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