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                Chinese Sedan Chair
                Learn Chinese - History and Culture

                ???Sedan Chair
                The sedan Chair (jiào zǐ 轎子) can be regarded as a special transportation vehicle in ancient China. It is lifted with shoulders and hands. Actually, it is a removable bed, desk chair or chaise lounge which is fixed on two poles with or without a tent.

                Offical Sedan ChairThe chinese sedan chair was very popular in many areas in history. In different ages and in different areas, the sedan chair has different names, for example, palankeen (jiān yú 肩輿), Yan Zi (yán zǐ 檐子), Dou Zi (dōu zǐ 兜子), Mian Jiao (mián jiào 眠轎), Nuan Jiao (nuǎn jiào 暖轎) etc.. The sedan chairs we know now are the Nuan Jiao, also called Wei Jiao (wéi jiào 幃轎). In Song Dynasty, sedan chair is the most common than that of any period. From the Riverside Scene at Qingming Festival (qīng míng shàng hé tú 清明上河圖), we can see there were many sedan chairs in the street of North Song Dynasty (běi sòng 北宋).

                The sedan chair was one of the traditional vehicles in ancient Beijing. There are sedan chairs lifted by two persons, four persons or eight persons.

                Wedding Sedan ChairWhen it comes to its kind, the sedan chair can be classified in to three types: sedan chair for officials (guān jiào 官轎), the civilian (mín jiào 民轎)?and weddings (hūn jiào 婚轎). As far as the purposes are concerned, the sedan chair has two types: one is for mountain roads, and the other for flat roads. According to materials, it can be classified into three kinds: wood, bamboo and rattan. The sedan chair can be lifted by manpower or animal stocks, such as camel sedan chair (tuó jiào 馱轎) and elephant sedan chair (xiàng jiào 象轎)?which the emperor of Yuan Dynasty (yuán?cháo 元朝)?had taken before.

                中國轎子

                ????? Wedding Sedan Chair轎子是我國古代的一種特殊的交通工具,主要由人來肩扛手臺。就其結構而言,轎子是安裝在兩根杠上可移動的床、坐椅或睡椅,有篷或無篷。

                ????? 中國的轎子曾流行于廣大地區。自古以來歷代相襲。因時代、地區、形制的不同而有不同的名稱。如肩輿、檐子 、兜子、眠轎、暖轎等?,F代人所熟悉的轎子多系明、清以來沿襲使用的暖轎,又稱帷轎。轎子作為一種交通工具,得到較大普及的是在宋朝。在著名的《清明上河圖》中,繁華的北宋京城汴梁大街上有許多轎子出游。

                ????? 轎子也是老北京的傳統交通工具之一。二人抬的稱“二人小轎”;四人抬的稱“四人小轎”;八人以上抬的則稱之為大轎,如“八抬大轎”等等。

                ????? 轎子,在種類上,有官轎、民轎、喜轎、魂轎等不同;在使用上,有走平道與山路的區別。在用材上,有木、竹、藤等之分;在方式上,有人抬的和牲口抬的,如駱駝馱的“駝轎”,元代皇帝還坐過“象轎”。
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