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                      Double Seventh Festival
                      Learn Chinese - History and Culture

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                      The Double Seventh Festival (qī xī 七夕), on the 7th day of the 7th lunar month, is a traditional festival full of romance. It often goes into August in the Gregorian calendar. This festival is in mid-summer when the weather is warm and the grass and trees reveal their luxurious greens. At night when the sky is dotted with stars, and people can see the Milky Way spanning from the north to the south. On each bank of it is a bright star, which see each other from afar. They are the Cowherd and Weaver Maid, and about them there is a beautiful love story passed down from generation to generation.

                      Lantern Festival
                      Learn Chinese - History and Culture
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                      Falling of the 15th day of the first lunar month in China, the Lantern Festival (yuán xiāo jié 元宵節) is a traditional festival in China. The first lunar month is called “zhengyue”(zhēng yuè 正月) by Chinese people, and in ancient times it is called “xiao”(xiāo 宵). As early as the Western Han Dynasty (xī hàn 西漢, 206 BC-AD 25), it had become a festival with great significance. It is the first important festival after Spring Festival (chūn jié 春節).
                      Spring Festival
                      Learn Chinese - History and Culture

                      altJust as important as Christmas?for the westerners, Spring Festival (chūn jié 春節) is the most important festival for the Chinese people, when all family members get together, no matter how far away they?live from home. It makes the transportation systems the busiest in one year, which usually lasts for about half a month. During this period, airports, railway stations and long-distance bus stations are crowded with home returnees.

                      The Spring Festival falls on the 1st day of the 1st lunar month, often one month later than the Gregorian calendar. It originated in the Shang Dynasty (shāng cháo 商朝, 1600 BC-1100 BC) from the people's sacrifice to gods and ancestors at the end of an old year and the beginning of a new one.

                      Chinese Festivals(the Chinese calendar)
                      Learn Chinese - History and Culture
                      中國節日(農歷) Chinese Festivals(the Chinese calendar)  

                      農歷正月初一 春節(the Spring Festival)

                      農歷正月十五 元宵節(Lantern Festival)

                      農歷五月初五 端午節(the Dragon-Boat Festival)

                      農歷七月初七 乞巧節(中國情人節)(Double-Seventh Day)

                      農歷八月十五 中秋節(the Mid-Autumn Festival)

                      農歷九月初九 重陽節(the Double Ninth Festival)

                      農歷臘月初八 臘八節(the laba Rice Porridge Festival)
                      Festivals in China(the solar calendar)
                      Learn Chinese - History and Culture
                      陽歷節日(the solar calendar)

                      1月1日 元旦(New Year's Day)

                      2月2日 世界濕地日(World Wetlands Day)

                      2月14日 情人節(Valentine's Day)

                      3月3日 全國愛耳日

                      3月5日 青年志愿者服務日

                      3月8日 國際婦女節(International Women' Day)

                      3月9日 保護母親河日

                      3月12日 中國植樹節(China Arbor Day)

                      3月14日 白色情人節(White Day)

                      3月14日 國際警察日(International Policemen' Day)

                      3月15日 世界消費者權益日(World Consumer Right Day)

                      3月21日 世界森林日(World Forest Day)

                      3月21日 世界睡眠日(World Sleep Day)

                      3月22日 世界水日(World Water Day)

                      3月23日 世界氣象日(World Meteorological Day)

                      3月24日 世界防治結核病日(World Tuberculosis Day)

                      4月1日 愚人節(April Fools' Day)
                      Meng Jiangnu's Bitter Weeping
                      Learn Chinese - History and Culture

                      Meng Jiangnu TempleThis story happened during the Qin Dynasty (qīng cháo 清朝, 221BC-206BC). There was once an old man named Meng (孟 mèng) who lived in the southern part of the country with his wife. One spring, Meng sowed a seed of bottle gourd in his yard. The bottle gourd grew up bit by bit and its vines climbed over the wall and entered his neighbor Jiang’s yard. Like Meng, Jiang (jiāng 江)?had no children and so he became very fond of the plant. He watered and took care of the plant. With tender care of both men, the plant grew bigger and bigger and gave a beautiful bottle gourd in autumn. Jiang plucked it off the vine, and the two old men decided to cut the gourd and divide it by half. To their surprise when they cut the gourd a pretty and lovely girl was lying inside! They felt happy to have a child and both loved her very much, so they decided to bring the child up together. They named the girl Meng Jiangnu (mèng jiāng nǚ 孟姜女), which means Meng and Jiang’s daughter.

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