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                      Chinese Batik
                      Learn Chinese - History and Culture

                      ????????????????? ?Chinese batik
                      Batik (là rǎn 蠟染) is a wax-resist dyeing technique used on textile. Chinese Batik is also called La Ran (là rǎn 蠟染) in China. Researches show batik originates from ancient China. It was then called La Xie (là xié 臘纈). As early as in Qin (qín cháo 秦朝) and Han Dynasties (hàn cháo漢朝), people in southwestern minority regions of China, finding that wax can prevent from dyeing(rǎn 染), proficiently mastered the craft of batik. They used bees wax (là 蠟) and worm wax as material in preventing dyeing.

                      Blue Calico
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                      ???????? Blue Calico
                      The blue calico (lán yìn huā bù 藍印花布) is a kind of traditional printed-dyed handicraft in the south area of the Yangtze River with a long history that can be traced back to Qin (qín 秦) and Han (hàn 漢) Dynasties.

                      Ancient Bridges of China
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                      guangzi bridge

                      Ancient Chinese bridges (zhōng guó gǔ dài qiáo liáng 中國古代橋梁) are universally acknowledged and have enjoyed high prestige in the bridge history of both the East and the West. Throughout history, the Chinese nation has erected thousands of ingeniously designed and magnificent bridges. Crossing over mountains, spanning rivers, they have facilitated transportation, beautified landscapes and have become one of the marks of ancient Chinese civilization.

                      Learn Chinese - History and Culture

                      ???????? Silk
                      China is the earliest country to have produced silk (sī chóu 絲綢). Silk is a symbol of the ancient culture of China. Legend has it that Lei Zu (léi zǔ 嫘祖), wife of Emperor Huangdi (huáng dì 黃帝), invented sericulture (yǎng cán 養蠶), silk reeling (sāo sī 繅絲) and weaving. Chinese archaeologists believe the technology of silk weaving has at least a history of more than 4000 years.

                      Zhang Heng and the Seismograph
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                      The first seismograph (dì dǒng yí?地動儀) of the world was invented by Zhang Heng (zhāng héng?張衡), a famous scientist in the Eastern Han Dynasty (dōng hàn 東漢, 25-220). Zhang Heng (78-139) was from Nanyang (nán yáng?南陽) in Henan Province (hé nán shěng?河南省). He studied diligently, and was especially keen on astronomy, calendars and mathematics. As a whole, Zhang Heng can be regarded as an erudite and talented scientist.

                      Changxin Palace Lamp
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                      changxingongdengThere were a great varieties of lamps in ancient China, oil-burning lamps were a common means of night-time illumination in this and later periods. The Changxin Palace Lamp (cháng xìn gōng dēng 長信宮燈) of the Han Dynasty ( hàncháo 漢朝) (208BC220AD) is a veritable treasure.
                      The Changxin Palace Lamp is made of bronze and is gold coated (líu jīn 鎏金). Textual research shows this lantern was used by the mother of Emperor Jingdi (jǐngdì 景帝) (156-140BC).The lantern has an ingenious design and as a whole, it is the shape of a maid of honor on her knees holding a lantern. The lamp she holds is pivoted so that light could be directed as her mistress might wish. Smoke from the candle within passes up through the girl's sleeve and on into the hollow body, so no soot would dirty the room. The lamp holder can store water, dissolving soot from the smoke. Now it is in the collection of the Museum of Hebei Province (héběi 河北), China.

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