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                Chinese Idiom
                功虧一簣 (gōng kuī yī kuì)
                Learn Chinese - Chinese Idiom

                altOnce a man planned to build a terrace. He worked very hard and spent a lot of time digging and carrying earth. When the mound was almost completed and only one more basket of earth was needed, the man gave up. The terrace was never completed.
                This idiom means to fail to succeed for lack of final effort. It has a connotition of pity.

                ?

                古時,有一個人要筑一座九仞(八尺=一仞)高的山。他堆了一年又一年,不論嚴寒酷暑,廢寢忘食地從遠處挖土,再挑土,再堆到山包上,終于有一天,他就要完工了。這一天也如往常一樣,雞剛叫就起床開工,一筐又一筐,眼看著山就要9仞高了,只差一筐土的工夫。但他一摸肚子咕咕叫,天又下起雪來,認為只有一筐土,就回家去了。此后,他總認為只有一筐土而偷懶,所以這一筐土至死他也沒堆上,終究這座只差一筐土的九仞高的山還是沒有堆成(為山九仞,功虧一簣)。
                “功虧一簣”一成語便出于此。

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                刮目相看 (guā mù xiāng kàn)
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                alt

                Lv Meng (lǚ méng 呂蒙) was a general of Wu during the Three Kingdoms Period (sān guó 三國時代,220-280AD). He was born in such a poor family that he did not get any chance to go to the school when he was a child. However, there was still less time for reading when he served in the army after he grew up.

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                瓜田李下 (guā tián lǐ xià)
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                alt

                Emperor Wen of the Tang dynasty (hàn cháo 漢朝) was a very democratic ruler. Before doing anything, he would always ask the opinion of his ministers. Once he asked Liou Gung-chiuan how the people felt about the government. Liou Gung-chiuan respectfully answered, "Concerning your sending Guo Min to be in charge of Bin-ning, some people are in favor and others are not."

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                郭氏之墟 (guō shì zhī qiū)
                Learn Chinese - Chinese Idiom

                On a vacation trip, Duke Huan of the state of Qi came to the ruin of the capital of Guo Shi , which perished long ago.  

                Seeing the desolate and bleak prospects of broken tiles, collapsed walls, and clusters of weeds, he could not help asking the local people about the reason of the ruin of Guo Shi.  
                ?

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                害群之馬(hài qún zhī mǎ)
                Learn Chinese - Chinese Idiom

                altIt was about four thousand years ago. Huangdi (Yellow Emperor)-the first legendary ruler in China went to the countryside to visit an old friend with his entourage. They met a boy keeping watch over a herd of horses on their way.

                 

                Huangdi asked the boy, "Do you know the way to my friend's village far away from here?"

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                含沙射影 (hán shā shè yǐng)
                Learn Chinese - Chinese Idiom

                altLegend has it that there was once a water monster called Yu (yù 蜮). It had norns, a shell, wings and three legs, but no eyes. There was a catapult in its mouth. If Yu heard the steps of a man, it would shoot sand from its mouth at him. If even the mans’s shadow was hit, the man would fall ill.
                This idiom indicates vilifying people by insinuation.

                傳說江淮間出產一種很特別的甲蟲,名叫蜮,又有人稱做射工、射影、短狐、水狐。這種蟲常常傷害人,形狀很是奇怪,背上長著硬殼,頭上有角,身上長有翅膀,可以飛到上空,在人的頭上施行襲擊。它沒有眼睛,但耳朵聽覺特別靈敏,口中有一橫物,形狀像弩,只要聽到人聲便知道人的所在方向和距離,然后用口中所含的沙當作矢,向人射擊。被蜮射中的人,會染上一種毒質而生瘡;就算人的身體能夠射避,而影子被蜮射中,也會生病。

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