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            Chinese Idiom
            抱薪救火(bào xīn jiù huǒ)
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            In the last years of the Warring States period (zhàn guó 戰國, 475-221BC), the State of Qin (qín guó 秦國) attacked the State of Wei (wèi guó 魏國) on a large scale repeatedly and occupied large areas of land, for the State of Wei was too weak to defend itself.

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            杯弓蛇影 (bēi gōng shé yǐng)
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            In the Jin Dynasty (jìn cháo 晉朝,265-420), a man called Yue Guang (yuè guǎng 樂廣) once invited a friend to have a drink at his home. When the friend lifted his cup, he saw a small snake in the wine, yet he forced himself to drink. Back home, the friend recalled the incident, and felt so disgusted that he fell ill. Hearing about this, Yue Guang invited his friend again. He asked him to sit in the same place and drink. Then his friend saw that the image of the snake in the cup was actually the reflection of a bow hung on the wall. Realizing this, the friend recovered quickly.
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            閉門造車 (bì mén zào chē )
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            In ancient times, there was a man who wanted to make a fine cart. But, instead of learning how to do it form experts, he shut himself up at home and worked at it. Despite the time and effort he spent on it, the cart was useless. This chinese idiom means to make a cart behind closed doors or to work behind closed doors; divorce oneself from the masses and from reality; act blindly. It is also used metahhorically to mean being too subjective and disregrading the rest of the world.

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            病入膏肓 (bìng rù gāo huāng)
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            altIn the Spring and Autumn Period (chūn qiū 春秋時期,770-476 BC), King Jing of the State of Jin (Jìn guó 晉國) fell ill. One night he dreamed that the disease turned into two small figures talking beside him. One said, ‘I’m afraid the doctor will hurt us.’ The other said, ‘Do not worry. We can hide above huang and below gao. Then the doctor will be able to do nothing to us.’ The next day, having examined the king, the doctor said, ‘Your disease is incurable, I am afraid, Your Majesty. It’ above huang and below gao, where no medicine can reach.’
            The idiom indicates a hopeless condition.

            春秋時期,晉景公有一次得了重病,聽說秦國有一個醫術很高明的醫生,便專程派人去請來。醫生還沒到。晉景公恍惚中做了個夢。夢見了兩個小孩,正悄悄地在他身旁說話。一個說:“那個高明的醫生馬上就要來了,我看我們這回難逃了,我們躲到什么地方去呢?” 另一個小孩說道:“這沒什么可怕的,我們躲到肓的上面,膏的下面,無論他怎樣用藥,都奈何我們不得。” 不一會兒,秦國的名醫到了,立刻被請進了晉景公的臥室替晉景公治病。診斷后,那醫生對晉景公說:“這病已沒辦法治了。疾病在肓之上,膏之下,用灸法攻治不行,扎針又達不到,吃湯藥,其效力也達不到。這病是實在沒法子治啦。”

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            不寒而栗(bù hán ér lì)
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            During the Han dynasty (hàn cháo 漢朝, 206BC—220AD), there was a man whose name was Yi Zong (yìzòng 義縱). Because of the special Kindness of the mother of the emperor, Yi Zong was made a magistrate in one county.

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            不合時宜 (bù hé shí yí)
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            In the State of Lu, there was a couple of husband and wife, the former being an expert shoemaker and the latter a skilled hand in wearing taffeta. One day after consultations they decided to go to the state of Yue to earn a livelihood. The neighbors advised them not to go when they learned about their plan. "Don't go there," said one neighbor, "If you go, you can never earn a livelihood."

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